Переименовать файлы в Linux

rename из util-linux
rename на Perl
Переименовать несколько файлов сразу
Исходный код
Похожие статьи


Существует минимум две утилиты с очень похожими названиями. Они имеют разный синтаксис.

Понять какая утилита установлена у вас поможет команда

rename -V

rename from util-linux

rename -V

rename from util-linux 2.36.1

rename из util-linux поддерживает следующий синтаксис

rename from to file

Пример: переименовать файл heihei.ru.log в topbicycle.ru.log

rename heihei topbicycle heihei.ru.log


Второй вариант rename - это утилита на языке Perl

rename -V

/usr/bin/rename using File::Rename version 1.10

rename поддерживает синтаксис regexp, как, например, sed

rename 's/from/to/' file

Пример: переименовать файл beget.ru.log в beget.com.log

rename 's/ru/com/' beget.ru.log

Переименовать несколько файлов одновременно

Пример: переименовать все файлы так чтобы centos заменилось на rocky

Посмотрим на файлы


centos-vnc.png centos-xrdp-png centos-install.png

Применим rename

rename centos rocky *


rename 's/centos/rocky/' *



rocky-vnc.png rocky-xrdp-png rocky-install.png

Исходный код

Код утилиты rename можно изучить выполнив

vi /usr/bin/rename

#!/usr/bin/perl -w # $Revision$$Date$ # Robin's RCS header: # RCSfile: rename.PL,v Revision: 1.3 Date: 2006/05/25 09:20:32 # Larry's RCS header: # RCSfile: rename,v Revision: 4.1 Date: 92/08/07 17:20:30 # # Log: rename,v # Revision 1.5 1998/12/18 16:16:31 rmb1 # moved to perl/source # changed man documentation to POD # # Revision 1.4 1997/02/27 17:19:26 rmb1 # corrected usage string # # Revision 1.3 1997/02/27 16:39:07 rmb1 # added -v # # Revision 1.2 1997/02/27 16:15:40 rmb1 # *** empty log message *** # # Revision 1.1 1997/02/27 15:48:51 rmb1 # Initial revision # use strict; require File::Rename; require File::Rename::Options; use Pod::Usage; main() unless caller; sub main { my $options = File::Rename::Options::GetOptions() or pod2usage; mod_version() if $options->{show_version}; pod2usage( -verbose => 2 ) if $options->{show_manual}; pod2usage( -exitval => 1 ) if $options->{show_help}; @ARGV = map {glob} @ARGV if $^O =~ m{Win}msx; File::Rename::rename(\@ARGV, $options); } sub mod_version { print __FILE__; print ' using File::Rename version '. $File::Rename::VERSION; print ', File::Rename::Options version '. $File::Rename::Options::VERSION if (eval $File::Rename::Options::VERSION) < (eval $File::Rename::VERSION); print "\n\n"; exit 0 } 1; __END__ =head1 NAME rename - renames multiple files =head1 SYNOPSIS B<rename> S<[ B<-h>|B<-m>|B<-V> ]> S<[ B<-v> ]> S<[ B<-0> ]> S<[ B<-n> ]> S<[ B<-f> ]> S<[ B<-d> ]> S<[ B<-e>|B<-E> I<perlexpr>]*|I<perlexpr>> S<[ I<files> ]> =head1 DESCRIPTION C<rename> renames the filenames supplied according to the rule specified as the first argument. The I<perlexpr> argument is a Perl expression which is expected to modify the C<$_> string in Perl for at least some of the filenames specified. If a given filename is not modified by the expression, it will not be renamed. If no filenames are given on the command line, filenames will be read via standard input. For example, to rename all files matching C<*.bak> to strip the extension, you might say rename 's/\.bak$//' *.bak To translate uppercase names to lower, you'd use rename 'y/A-Z/a-z/' * =head1 OPTIONS =over 8 =item B<-v>, B<--verbose> Verbose: print names of files successfully renamed. =item B<-0>, B<--null> Use \0 as record separator when reading from STDIN. =item B<-n>, B<--nono> No action: print names of files to be renamed, but don't rename. =item B<-f>, B<--force> Over write: allow existing files to be over-written. =item B<--path>, B<--fullpath> Rename full path: including any directory component. DEFAULT =item B<-d>, B<--filename>, B<--nopath>, B<--nofullpath> Do not rename directory: only rename filename component of path. =item B<-h>, B<--help> Help: print SYNOPSIS and OPTIONS. =item B<-m>, B<--man> Manual: print manual page. =item B<-V>, B<--version> Version: show version number. =item B<-e> Expression: code to act on files name. May be repeated to build up code (like C<perl -e>). If no B<-e>, the first argument is used as code. =item B<-E> Statement: code to act on files name, as B<-e> but terminated by ';'. =back =head1 ENVIRONMENT No environment variables are used. =head1 AUTHOR Larry Wall =head1 SEE ALSO mv(1), perl(1) =head1 DIAGNOSTICS If you give an invalid Perl expression you'll get a syntax error. =head1 BUGS The original C<rename> did not check for the existence of target filenames, so had to be used with care. =cut